Domesticated Animals - Scope Of Learning And Training
children species names
List the domesticated animals kept by the people; give for each its native name and its species. If wild animals have been domesticated, what are their native names? Each one's species? How were they domesticated? What part do children play in the domestication of animals? How are animals trained, and by whom? What names are given to which animals? For what purposes are dogs bred? How are they treated? Note how dogs are trained. Are they trained to act in a specific manner toward owner? Toward members of owner's family? Toward strangers? Are cats bred? Why? Are they fed, or are they expected to provide for themselves? For what purposes is poultry raised (e.g., for food, for cock fighting)? Describe the habitat of bees. How is honey taken? Which animals are kept for specific purposes (e.g., bees for honey, mongoose and ferrets as vermin killers, large animals for meat supply, birds as pets, sheep for clothing)? Is mare's milk drunk? Horse's urine used as medicine, and why? What charms are associated with animals? Why?
A group of children make interested and good informants for the following questions--verbatim comments made by them are worthwhile recording. What animals are believed to understand human speech? By what remarks are they pleased? By which ones offended? How is laughter interpreted by animals? What indications do animals give that are interpreted as having foreknowledge of events? Of changes in the weather? What other beliefs are there related to animals? Do animals indicate the presence of spirits? Can they transform themselves into humans? Into superhumans? Are they associated with witchcraft? Are animals fed festival foods? Ritual foods? If women are forbidden to come near an animal, tell which ones and why.
Children's behavior toward animals What pet animals are there for girls? For boys? Why these particular ones? Make a list of the native names, the given names, and the species of pet animals of children, and note the children's remarks about these animals. Note the age of the child that gives the information. Do children treat animals like humans (e.g., talk to them, interpret their sounds as answers, coddle them, cry when they are hurt, scold and whip them)? Do they feed them? Reward them? Hobble their legs to keep them from running away? Confine them to a space by tying them to a rope? Or do children treat animals like inanimate objects or toys (e.g., drop one after playing with it and give it no further attention; show no sympathy with it when it is sick or hurt)? What do children think animals say to each other? To their own species? To other species? What do animals say to humans in general?