BIIARAICH, a district of British India, under the jurisdiction of the Chief Commissioner of Oudh, situated between 28° 23' and 27° 4' N. lat., and 82° 11' and 81° 9' E. long. It is bounded on the N. by the independent state of Nepal, on the E. and S.E. by the district of Gonda. on the S.W. by the district of Bdra B4nki, and on the W. by the districts of Sftdpur and Kheri. Bharaich district consists of three tracts: - (1), in the centre, an elevated triangular plateau, projecting from the base of the Himalayas for about 50 miles in a south-easterly direction - average breadth 13 miles, area 670 square miles; (2), the great plain of the Ghagrd, on the west, about 40 feet below the level of the plateau ; and (3), on the east, another lesser area of depression. The Tardi, or the forest and marshy tracts along the southern slopes of the Himalayas, gradually merge within the district into drier land, the beds of the streams become deeper and more marked, the marshes disappear, and the country assumes the ordinary appearance of the plain of the Ganges. The Ghagra skirts the district for 114 miles ; and the Rapti, with its branch the Bhakld, drains the high grounds.
- District area, 2398 square miles, since the redistribution of territory in 1869 ; prior to this its area was 2682 square miles. In 1872 the district contained a total population of 774,640 souls, re- siding in 121,905 houses and 1965 villages ; of which 676,313 were Hindus, 98,124 Mahometans, and 40 Christians, and the rest of unclassified religions. Of the Hindu population the Brahmans number 71,215 ; Kshatriyas, 20,514 ; Ahirs, 91,479 ; Chamars 56,329 • Knrmis, 79,723. Principal crops and estimated acreage and expires at different periods between 1897 and 1901. The regular police number, besides the village watch, 465 men, maintained at a cost of £5850. Education is backward. The central school at Bliarlich has 105 pupils ; and 3 Anglo-vernacular, with 41 vernacular village schools throughout the district, have 1649 pupils. Principal towns : - (1.) Bharaieh, built on the extreme edge of the plateau described above, where it sinks sharply down upon the plains of Oudh ; height above sea-level, 420 feet ; population, 18,889; municipal income in 1871, £2177, 14s.; rate of taxation, 2s. 31d. per head ; (2.) Nanpara, population, 6858 ; municipal income in 1871, £337, 8s. ; rate of taxation, 111d. per head ; (3.) Jainal, population, 4510.