BATTEUX, CHARLES, a French writer on philosophy and the principles of literature, was born near Fouziem in 1713, and died in 1780. In 1739 he came to Paris, and after having taught with success in the colleges of Lisieux and Navarre, was appointed to the chair of Greek and Roman philosophy in the College of France. In 1746 he published his treatise Beaux Arts ricluits a une mime Principe, in which he extended the Aristotelian definition of the art of poetry to art of all kinds. Ms Cours de Belles-Lettres, 5 vols., 1765, was afterwards included with some minor writings iu the large treatise Principes de is Litrirature, 1774. The rules for composition there laid down are, perhaps, too methodical and pedantic. His philosophical writings were La Morale d'Epicure tire de sex prop -es icrits, 1758, and the Histoire de Causes Premieres, 1769, a survey of the history of philosophy which is by no means devoid of merit. In consequence of the freedom with which he attacked in this work the abuse of authority in matters of philosophy, be was removed from his professorial chair. His last and most extensive work was a Cours deludes a l'usage des ilhes de l'ecole militaire, 45 vols.