PARKER, jOHN HENRY (1806-1884), architectural archwologist, was thci son of a London merchant, and was born in 1806. He was educated at Manor Houso School, Chiswick, and in 1821 entered business as a bookseller. Succeeding his uncle Joseph Parker as a bookseller at Oxford in 1832, lie conducted the business with great success, the most important of the firm's publications being perhaps the series of the " Oxford Pocket Classics." The cares of business did not prevent him from devoting, in the earlier period of his life, much of his time to those architectural studies which latterly engaged his chief attention. In 1836 lie brought out his Glossary of Architecture, which, published in the earlier years of the Gothic revival, bad considerable influence in extending the movement, and supplied a valuable help to young architects. In 1848 lie edited the fifth edition of Rickman's Gothic Architecture, and in 1849 Ile published a handbook based on his earlier volume, and entitled Introduction to the Study of Gothic Architecture. The cotnpletion of lIudson Turner's Domestic Architecture of the Middle Ayes next engaged his attention, three volumes being published (1853-60). In 1858 lie published Medizeral Awhitecture Te Chester. Parker was one of the chief advocates of the " restoration " of ecclesiastical buildings, and published in 186G Architectural Antiquities of the City Wells. Latterly be devoted much attention to explorations of the history of Rome by means of excavations, and succeeded in satisfying himself of the historical truth of much usually reg,arded as legendary. Two volumes of his Archleology of 1?ome have been published, the OnC in 1873, and the other in 1875, while six additional parts have also appeared, and two others were in the press at his death. In recog,ni-tion of his labours he was decorated by the king of Italy, and received a medal from Pope Pins IX. 1,1 1869 he endowed the keepership of the Ashmolean Museum with a sum yielding X250 a year, and under the new arrange-ment lie was appointed the first keeper. In 1871 he was nominated C.B. He died 31st January 1884.