PALMA, distinguished since 1861 as Palma di Montechiaro, a city of Italy, in the province of Girgenti, Sicily, 13 miles S.E. of Girgenti. Though situated some distance inland, it has a port of considerable value to the coasting trade. The exports are wine, dried fruits, soda, and sulphur. Hodierna, the mathematician (1597-1660), was a priest at Palma patronized by the duke of Palma. The population, 13,458 in 1871, was 11,702 in 1881.