TEGNER, ESAIAS (1782-1846), the most celebrated poetry, turned the poet's blood to gall From this time of Swedish writers, was born November 13, 1782, at forward the heartlessness of woman is one of Tegner's Kyrkerud in Wermland. His father was a pastor, and his principal themes. It is a remarkable sign of the condigrandparents on both sides were peasants. His father, tion of Sweden at that time that a man not in holy orders, whose name had been Esaias Luoasson, took the surname and so little in possession of the religious temperament as of Tegnerus - altered by his fifth son, the poet, to Tegner Tegner, should be offered and should accept a bishop's - from the hamlet of Tegnaby in Smflland, where he was crozier. He did not hesitate in accepting it : it was a great born. In 1799 Tegner, hitherto educated in the country, honour; he was poor ; and he was anxious to get away entered the university of Lund, where he graduated in from Lund. No sooner, however, had he begun to study i philosophy in 1802, and continued as tutor until 1810, for his new duties than he began to regret the step he as 1836 he complained of fiery heats in his brain, and in 1840, during a visit to Stockholm, he suddenly became insane. He was sent to an asylum in Schleswig, and early in 1841 he was cured, and able to return to Wexio. It was during his convalescence in Schleswig that he wrote Kronbruden. He wrote no more of importance ; in 1843 he had a stroke of apoplexy, and on the 2d of November 1846 he died in Wexio. From 1819 he had been a member of the Swedish Academy, where he was succeeded by his biographer and best imitator Bottiger. In prose Tegner wrote letters, which have been collected, and which are considered the best of their kind in the Swedish language. As a poet he will scarcely be preferred to Bellman or to Runeberg by Swedish verse amateurs, but he still exceeds these and all other writers in popularity.
See Bottiger, Teckning of Tegners Lcfnad; Georg Brandes, Esaias Tegner; Thomander, Tankar och LOjen. (E. W. G.)