Everest, S1r George
EVEREST, S1R GEORGE (1790-1866), C.B., a distinguished surveyor and geographer, was the son of Tristram Everest of Gwerndale, Brecknockshire, and was born there July 4, 1790. From school at Marlow lie proceeded to the military academy at Woolwich, where lie attracted the special notice of the mathematical master, Dr Hutton, and passed so well in his examinations that he was declared fit for a commission before attaining the necessary age. Having gone to India in 1806 as a cadet in the Bengal Artillery, he was selected by Sir Stamford Raffles to take part in the reconnaissance of Java (1814-1816) ; and after being employed in various engineering works throughout India, he was appointed in 1818 assistant to Colonel Lambton, the founder of the great trigonometrical survey of that country, In 1823, on Colonel Lambton's death, he succeeded to the post of superintendent of the survey ; in 1830 he was appointed by the court of directors of the East India Company surveyor-general of India ; and from that date till his retirement from the service in 1843 lie continued to discharge the laborious duties of both offices. During the rest'of his life he resided in England, where he became fellow of the Royal Society and an active member of several other scientific associations. In 1861 he received the honour of knighthood, and he was chosen vice-president of the Royal Geographical Society in 1862. He died at Greenwich, December 1, 1866. The geodetical labours of Sir George Everest rank among the finest achievements of their kind ; and more especially his measurement of the meridional are of India, in length, is accounted as unrivalled in the annals of the science. In great part the Indian survey is what he made it. The name of Everest has been given in his honour to the highest ascertained peak of the Himalayas, and thus of the world.
His works are purely professional : - A paper in vol. i. of the Memoirs of the Iloyal Astronomical Society, pointing out a mistake in La Caille's measurement of an are of the meridian which he had discovered during sick-leave at the Cape of Good Hope ; An account of the measurement of the arc of the meridian between the parallels of 18° 3' and 24° 7', being a continuation of the Crand Meridional Arc of India, as detailed by Lieut.-Col. Lambtea in the volumes of the Asiatic Society of Calcutta, London, 1830 ; An account of the measurement of two sections of the Meridional Arc of India bounded by the parallels of 18° 3' 15", 24° 7' 11", and 20° 30' 48", London, 1947.