Eschenburg, Johann Joachim
ESCHENBURG, JOHANN JOACHIM (1743-1820) a German litteratenr, was born at Hamburg, 7th December 1743. After receiving his early education in his native town, he studied at Leipsie and Gottingen. In 1767 he was brought by the court-preacher Jerusalem to Brunswick, and through his influence he became 6. professor in the Collegium Carolinum. Ile was also made an aulic councillor, and senior of the Syriac college, and ultimately received the office of privy councillor of justice. -He is best known by his German translations of English works. He published a series of German translations of the principal English writers on :esthetics, such as Brown, Burney, Priestley, and Hurd ; and Germany owes also to him the first complete translation of Shakespeare's plays, which, though it is deficient in poetical merits, and somewhat too free, is still valuable on account of its general correctness. He died on the 27th April 1820.
Besides editing, with memoirs, an edition of the later German poets, he is the author of Handbuch der Classielien Literatur (1783) ; Entwurf elate Theorie and Literatur der schonen Wissensehaften (1783) ; Beispielsammlung cur Theorie soul Literatur der sehonen Wisseaschaften (8 vols., 1788-95) ; Lehrbuels der Wissenscluiftskunde (1792) ; and Denkniiiler altdeutseher Diehlkunst (1799). Most of these works have passed through several editions.