Dupin, Andre Marie Jean Jacques
chamber office president
DUPIN, ANDRE MARIE JEAN JACQUES (1783-1865), commonly called Dupin the Elder, a celebrated French advocate, president of the Chamber of Deputies and of the Legislative Assembly, was born at Varzy, in Nievre, on the 1st February 1783. He was educated by his father, who was a lawyer of eminence, and at an early age he became principal clerk of an attorney at Paris. On the establish-ment of -the Acadenzie de Legislation lie entered it as pupil from Nievre. In 1800 he was made advocat-e, and in 1802, when the schools of law were opened, he received successively the degrees of licentiate and doctor from the new faculty. He was in 1810 an unsuccessful candidate for the chair of law at Paris, and in 1811 he also failed to obtain the office of advocate-general at the court of cessation. Abont this time he was added to the coniniission charged with the classification of the laws of the empire, and, after the interruption caused by the events of 1814 and 1815, was charged with the sole care of that great work. When he entered the Chamber of Deputies in 1815 he at once took an active part in the debates, and strenuously opposed the election of the son of Napoleon as emperor after his father's abdication. At the election after the second restoration Dupin was not re-elected. He defended with great intrepidity the principal political victims of the reaction, among others, in coujuuction with 13erryer, Marshal Ney; and in October 1815 boldly published a tractate entitled Libre D4fense des Accuses. In 1827 he was again elected a member of the Chamber of Deputies, and in 1830 took part in counselling the revolution, and in exhorting the citizens to resistance. In August of that year he became a member of Louis Philippe's cabinet, and more than any one else contributed to the formation of the new regime. At the end of 1832 he became president of the chamber, which office he held succesively for eight years. On Louis Philippe's abdication in 1848 Dupin introduced the young count of I'aris into the chamber, and proposed him as king with the duchess of Orleans as regent. This attempt failed, but Dupin submitted to circumstances, and, retaining the office of procureue-geml,ral, his first act was to decide that justice should henceforth be rendered to the " name of the French people." In 1849 he was elected a member of the Assembly-, and became president of the principal committee - that on legislation. After the coup d'etat of 2d December 1851 he still retained his office of procure-ur-general, and did not demit it till effect was given to the decrees confiscating the property of the house of Orleans. In 1857 he was offered his old ofiice by the emperor, and accepted it, explaininu his acceptance in a discourse, a sen-tence of which may kie eniployed to describe his whole political career. " I have alway-s," he said, " belonged to France and never to parties." He died 8th November 1865. Amone- Dupin's works, which arc numerous, may be men-tioneuC.Principiu Juris 5 vols. (1806); Menzoires et plaidoyers de 1806 au ler Janvier 1830, in 20 vols. ; and ,Wntoires ou souvenirs du barreau, in 4 vols. 1855-57.