Freind, Jo Iin
FREIND, JO IIN (1675-1728), English physician, was born in 1675 at Croton in Northamptonshire. He made great progress in classical knowledge under Dr Busby at Westminster, and at Christ Church, Oxford, under Dr Aldrich, and while still very young, produced, along with Foulkes, an excellent edition of the speeches of lEschines and Demosthenes on the affair of Ctesiphon. After this he began the study of medicine, and having proved his scientific attainments by various treatises was appointed professor of chemistry at Oxford in 1704. In the following year he accompanied the English army, under the earl of Peterborough, into Spain, and, on returning home in 1707, wrote an account of the expedition which attained great ppularity. Two years later he published his Prelectiones Chinticte, which he dedicated to Sir Isaac Newton. In 1711 ho was elected fellow of the Royal Society. Shortly after his return in 1713 from Flanders, whither Ile had accompanied the British troops, he took up his residence in London, whore he soon obtained a great reputation as a physician. In 1716 he became fellow of the college of physicians, of which ho was chosen one of the censors in 1718, and Harveian orator in 1720. In 1722 he entered parliament as member for Launceston in Cornwall, but, being suspected of favouring the cause of the exiled Stuarts, he spent half of that year in the Tower. During his imprisonment he conceived the plan of his most important and valuable work, The History of Physic, of which the first part appeared in 1725, and the second in the following year. In the latter year he was appointed physician to Queen Caroline, an office which he held till his death, 26th July 1728. A complete edition of his Latin works, with a Latin translation of the History of Physic, edited by Dr Wigan, was published in London in 1732. A monument was erected to Freind in Westminster Abbey.