GAMALIEL (tti'7.".-NI, i.e., God is a rewarder, rap.aXopi.), a Hebrew proper name, which occurs more than once in the Old Testament (Numb. i. 10; ii. 20), is repeatedly met with in the history of later Judaism. Of the persons designated by it the most important are enumerated below: - which had transferred itself to Jamnia or Jabneh shortly before the destruction of Jerusalem. For a considerable period after that event Jabneh became in some sense the metropolis of Judaism, and Gamliel, as head of the supreme judicial and legislative body which sat there, may be said to have been the first nasi or " prince " of the rabbinical period. An interesting account of his position as legislator will be found in chapter xx. of Derenbourg's Histare de Palestiae. As representing the Jewish nation and the Jewish faith, he visited Rome in the autumn of 91 A. D., and the Talmud abounds with references to the inci. dents of that journey. Gamliel was the friend of Rabbi Akiba, and the master of Aquila (the " Onkelos " of the Babylonian Talmud). He died about 115 A.D. (see Ewald, (/esch. d. V. Is•., vii. 388).