Kurrachee, Or Katuciii
KURRACHEE, or KATUCIII, a district in Sind, India, lying between 23° 34' and 26' 57' N. let., and between 66' 41' 30" and 68° 49' E. long., bounded on the N. by Shikarpur, on the E. by the Indus river and Hyderabad district, on the S. by the sea, and on the W. by Baluchistan. The area is 14,091 square miles ; and the population in 1872 was 426,722. The district consists of an immense tract of land stretching from the mouth of the Indus to the Baluchi boundary. It differs in general appearance from the rest of Sind, having a rugged, mountainous tract along its western border. The country gradually slopes away to the south-east, till in the extreme south the Indus delta presents a broad expanse of low, flat, and unpicturesque alluvium. Besides the Indus and its mouths, the only river in the district is the Habb, forming the boundary between Sind and Baluchistan. The Manchhar Lake in Schwan subdivision forms the only considerable sheet of water in Sind. The hot springs at Pfr Mangho are 6 or 7 miles north of Kurrachee town.
In 1872 the population was 420,722 (males 242,516, and females 1S4,206) - the Hindus numbering 73,304, and the Mohammedans 348,556. Eight towns had a population exceeding 2000: - Kurrachee, 56,753 ; Kotri, 7949 ; Schwan, 4296 ; Bubak, 5703 ; Dada, 3357 ; Tatta, 7951 ; Mirpur Batoro, 2846 ; and Keti-Bandar, 2199.
Iu Kurrachee subdivision cultivation exists only on a few isolated spots, and depends upon wells, springs, or natural rainfall. Here the chief crops are jodr, Mjra, barley, and sugar-cane. In Jerruck and Shilli-bandar, where numerous canals carry the waters of the Indus through the alluvial slats, rice forms the staple crop ; but wheat, sugar-cane, millets, cotton, and tobacco are also grown. In the barren hills of Kohistdn, agriculture is practically unknown; and the nomad population devotes itself almost entirely to grazing cattle in the southern plains. The district trade is centred in Kurrachee town, the staple exports consisting of cotton, wool, and grain. Extensive salt deposits of the purest description occur on the Sirganda creek, a branch of the Indus. Sea fisheries form an important industry. The pearl oyster is found at several places along the coast, but the pearls are of inferior size and quality. The Indus valley line of the Sind, Punjab, and Delhi Railway runs from Kurrachee to Kotri within the district a distance of 106 miles. The administration is conducted by a collector-magistrate., assisted by several deputies. The total imperial revenue in 1873-74 amounted to £139,079, exclusive of £52,222 derived from the canals. Education in 1873-74 was afforded by forty-nine schools, attended by 3167 pupils. Kurrachee town and neighbourhood, being open to the sea-breeze, are said to possess the healthiest climate in Sind. Fevers prevail at the setting in of the cold season, and in the hot weather external inflammations, ulcers, and skin diseases are very troublesome. Cholera occasionally appears in an epidemic form. The rainfall is slight and fluctuating, the average hardly exceeding 5 inches per annum.