Liturgy And Worship
LITURGY AND WORSHIP. - The ancient liturgies of the Eastern Church were very numerous, and have been frequently classified. Neale makes three divisions - the liturgy of Jerusalem or of St James, that of Alexandria or of St Mark, and that of Edessa or of St Thadtheus ; and Daniel substantially agrees with him. The same passion for uniformity which suppressed the Galilean and Mozarabic liturgies hi the West led to the almost exclusive use of the liturgy of St James in the East. It is used in two forms, a shorter revised by Chrysostom, and a longer called the liturgy of St Basil. This liturgy and the service generally are either in Old Greek or in Old Slavonic - and frequent disputes have arisen in particular districts about the language to be employed. Both sacred languages differ from the language of the people, but it cannot be said that in the Eastern Church worship is conducted in an unknown tongue, - " the actual difference," says Neale, "may be about that between Chaucer's English and our own."