ANTONIO VIVARINI was probably the earliest of this family. He came from the school of Andrea da Murano, and his works show the influence of Gentile da Fabriano. The earliest known date of a picture of his, an altar-piece in the Venetian academy, is 1440 ; the latest, in the Lateran museum, 1464. He, worked in company with a certain " Joannes de Alemania." By some writers Joannes has been regarded as himself a Vivarini, but this appears improbable : no trace of loins exists of a date later than 1447. After 1417 Antonio painted either alone or in combination with his younger brother Bartolommeo. The works of Antonio arc well drawn for their epoch, with a certain noticeable degree of softness, and with good flesh and other tints. Three of his principal paintings are the Virgin Enthroned with the Four Doctors of the Church, the Coronation of the -Virgin, and Sts Peter and Jerome. The first two (in which Joannes co-operated) arc in the Venetian academy, the third in the London National Gallery.