HORITZ (Bohemian Horice), a town of Bohemia, Austria, government district of Koniggriitz, is situated on the right bank of the Bistritz, 10 miles N.E. from Bidschow. Among the principal buildings are the district court of justice, the castle, the synagogue, the town-house, the poorhouse, and the infirmary. It possesses woollen and linen manufactories, a brewery, flour-mills, and saw-mills. Flax and fruit are grown in the vicinity. The population in 1 S69 was 5659.
HORMAYR, JOSEPH, BARON vox, German statesman and historian, was born at Innsbruck, January 20th 1781, and died at Munich, November 5th, 1848. After studying law for several years (1791-1797) in his native town, and attaining the rank of major in the Tyrol landwehr, the young man, who had the advantage of being the grandson of Joseph von Hormayr (17051781), chancellor of Tyrol, obtained a post in the foreign office at Vienna (1801), from which lie rose in 1803 to be court secretary and director of the secret archives of the kingdom and court. During the insurrection by which in 1809 the Tyrolese sought to throw off the Bavarian supremacy confirmed by the treaty of Pressburg, irmayr was the mainstay of the Austrian party, and assumed the administration of everything save the military arrangements ; but, returning home without the prestige and protection of success, lie fell into disfavour both with the emperor Francis I. and the prime minister Metternich, and at length in 1813 he was arrested and imprisoned. In 1816 same amends were made to him by his appointment as historiographer royal ; hut so little was lie satisfied with the general policy and conduct of the Austrian court that in 1828 he accepted an invitation to the Bavarian capital, where he became innisterial councillor in the department of foreign affairs. In 1832 lie was appointed Bavarian minister at Hanover, and from 1839 to 1846 he held al) same position at Bremen. The last two years of his life were spent at Munich as superintendent of the national archives. IT zmayr's literary activity was closely conditioned by the circumstances of his political career : while the access which he enjoyed to original documents gave value to his treatment of the past, his record or criticism of contemporary events rel:eived authority and interest from the character of his personal experience. In his later writings he is a keen opponent of the policy of the court of Vienna.
sehaytayan, Man 1842; Aiaaacurn ass don T«g:'buch cin,s (Ora Tilfri.,,vinas, Jena, 1845-47. Along with Mednvanski (1784-1841) he founded T,sche,awch fib, die ritterland. Gesell., Vienna, 1311-48.