George Dance, Junior
GEORGE DANCE, JUNIOR, by far the ablest of the three, was born in 1740, and remained his father's pupil, succeed ing him as city surveyor and architect in 1768. At that time the office, than as now somewhat lucrative, was purchasable, and it was in that way he acquired the appointment. He was then only twenty-eight, and had spent several years abroad, most of the time with his brother in Italy, yet he had already distinguished himself by designs for public works, particularly that for Blackfriars Bridge. IIe was associated with his brother in the foundation of the Royal Academy, and, living till 1825, he was for a number of years the last survivor of the original members. Knowing every one connected with art in London for a lonc, period, he must have outlived a great many changes in taste, and seen many novelties pass away in all the divisions of art. 1 n his own sphere the revolution from his father's style to the study of Gothic by the elder Pugin and others, following the period of Stuart and Revett, showed a wonderful development, especially in the precise knowledge of ornamental details. In sculpture, the passage from Carlini to Flaxman was even more rapid, and in painting he must have known all the important professors from Hogarth to Wilkie. That he was much interested in all these changes is proved by the series of portraits of his friends, principally artists, he drew from the life, which are now preserved in the library of the Academy. Seventy-two of these, engraved in imitation of chalk, were published in 1808-14, and form a very interesting collection. In his own profession his time was mainly occupied by his duties as city architect, and his principal works are such as came to him in that way. Of these, the prison of Newgate, rebuilt in 1770, a building unique in design, is the most conspicuous and able. The front of Guildhall is also his. He died January 14,1825, and was buried in St Paul's.