Taxes and Government Spending - Overview, Federal Taxes, The Federal Budget, State And Local Taxes, Current Issues In Taxation
Governments are responsible for providing services that individuals cannot effectively provide for themselves, such as military defense, fire and police departments, roads, education, social services, and environmental protection. To generate the revenue necessary to provide these services, governments institute taxes based on
income, consumption (sales taxes), and wealth (property and estate taxe…
Even before there was a federal government, taxes were a significant issue for Americans. The Stamp Act of 1765 was the first tax imposed specifically on the American colonies by the British Parliament and was strongly resisted by the colonists, who maintained that only representative legislatures in each colony possessed the
right to impose taxes. This view, that "taxation without represen…
Funds collected by the government include proceeds from the sale of land, capital, or services, and collections from taxes, fines, duties, and fees. In January 2005 the Congressional Budget Office (CBO) reported in The Budget and Economic Outlook: Fiscal Years 2006 to 2015 that the United States government collected
approximately $1.88 trillion in 2004. As a result of the tax-cutting measures inst…
In the United States, many states and local government entities levy taxes, including taxes on corporate income, personal income, and property. In addition, most states charge sales taxes on retail transactions. According to the U.S. Census Bureau in Federal, State, and Local Governments: 2003 State Government Tax Collections
(February 2005), state revenue from taxes equaled $549 billion in 2003, …
The impact of taxes on the economy is a source of never-ending debate in U.S. politics. Taxing personal income decreases the spending power of the individual; however, government spending can, to a certain degree, fuel the economy. Limited taxation is favored by those who believe that workers and companies with more available
money to spend will participate to a greater extent in the economy. This…
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