gambling information gaming national
Several resources useful to this book were published by companies and organizations within the gambling industry. Most notable are Harrah's Survey '04: Profile of the American Casino Gambler, The Vital Signs of Legalized Gaming in America, GTECH's 8th Annual National Gaming Survey (2000), 2004 State of the States: The AGA Survey of Casino Entertainment from the American Gaming Association, Lottery Insights (the journal of the North American Association of State and Provincial Lotteries), and Charity Gaming in North America, 2002 Annual Report by the National Association of Fundraising Ticket Manufacturers. The National Indian Gaming Association (NIGA) published Indian Gaming: Final Impact Analysis (2004). The NIGA's resource library also provided excellent information about tribal gambling.
Informative resources from industry analysts include La Fleur's 2004 World Lottery Almanac by TLF Publications, Inc., and publications from Christiansen Capital Advisors, LLC, including E-gambling: The Economic Impact of a Burgeoning Industry (2000) and Internet Gambling: The State of a Developing Industry (2000) by Sebastian Sinclair, and The Gross Annual Wager of the United States, 2002 by Eugene Martin Christiansen and Sebastian Sinclair.
Information on particular gambling markets was obtained from Indian Country Today, the Las Vegas Review Journal, the Las Vegas Sun, the Detroit News, the Biloxi Sun Herald, and the Norwich Bulletin of Connecticut. The New York Times, Washington Post, and the Wall Street Journal were particularly useful in reporting on tribal gambling. The Oregon Daily Emerald, USA Today, Sports Illustrated, and ESPN provided historical information and recent stories on sports gambling and related scandals.
Many Internet sites were very helpful, particularly those of the state regulatory agencies overseeing gambling. Useful commercial sites include www.vegas.com, which describes the basics of sports betting. The Web site of the Las Vegas Convention and Visitors Authority, at www.lasvegas24hours.com, contains an excellent gaming guide, with instructions to many casino games. J. R. Martin publishes gambling advice at www.professionalgambler.com, including A Crash Course in Vigorish, and It's Not 4.55%. I. Nelson Rose, a professor of law at Whittier Law School, maintains a Web site (www.gamblingandthelaw.com) that is a valuable resource for historical and legal information on gambling. The National Council Against Legalized Gambling (www.ncalg.org) provides the latest news updates on gambling and politics around the United States.
The U.S. General Accounting Office (GAO) is the investigative arm of Congress. GAO publications used in this book include Indian Issues: Improvements Needed in Tribal Recognition Process (GAO-02-49, November 2, 2001) and Internet Gambling: An Overview of the Issues (GAO-03-89, December 2, 2002).
The FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin provided information on the effects of gambling on crime across the United States. Other government documents consulted for this book include Occupational Outlook Quarterly, a U.S. Department of Labor publication on career opportunities in many markets, including casinos. Solutions is a publication designed for policymakers in state governments that provided information about regulatory policies across the United States. Information on gambling policy and legislation is also available from the National Conference of State Legislatures. The Legislative Analyst's Office (LAO), which provides fiscal and policy advice to the California legislature, has published information papers on gambling on tribal lands.
The Greyhound Protection League and the Humane Society of the United States (HSUS) provided important information on the history and status of animal racing and fighting in this country. Additional statistics on animal fighting were obtained from the Web site www.petabuse.com. With regard to the horse-racing industry, the Jockey Club, the U.S. Trotting Association, and the Daily Racing Form issue informative materials.
The Gallup Organization provides valuable results from recent polls regarding gambling in the United States. Other valuable resources include Illegal Sports Bookmakers (2003) by Koleman S. Strumpf of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill; the PBS Frontline television special Easy Money (1997), which explains the odds against players in different casino games; and a TechTV special on the technical measures used by casinos to prevent crime. The Society for Human Resource Management (SHRM) provided valuable information about gambling in the workplace. Insights into the effects of tribal gambling were obtained from Background to Dream: Impacts of Tribal Gaming in Washington State (2002) by Cheryl King and Casey Kanzler, which was published in collaboration with the First American Education Project.
Scientific and educational publications devoted to problem gambling were invaluable to this book. They include the Weekly Addiction Gambling Education Report (WAGER), which is published by Harvard Medical School and the Massachusetts Council on Compulsive Gambling, as well as the Journal of Addiction and Mental Health and eGambling: The Electronic Journal of Gambling Issues, both of which are published by the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Rachel A. Volberg, with Gemini Research, Ltd., wrote Gambling and Problem Gambling in Nevada (2002) and Gambling and Problem Gambling among Adolescents in Nevada (2002).
Organizations devoted to problem gambling that provided helpful data and information include Gamblers Anonymous (www.gamblersanonymous.org), the National Center for Responsible Gaming (www.ncrg.org), and the National Council on Problem Gambling (www.ncpgambling.org).
The Final Report of the National Gambling Impact Study Commission (1999) is a critical reference for information about the effects of gambling on society. The report is based on information submitted by various researchers, including the paper State Lotteries at the Turn of the Century: Report to the National Gambling Impact Study Commission (1999) written by Charles T. Clotfelter, Philip J. Cook, Julie A. Edell, and Marian Moore.