Gambling in America - Types Of Legal Gambling, How Americans Gamble Their Money, Casino Gambling, Who Is Gambling?
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Historically, gambling has been a popular form of recreation in North America. George Washington liked to play cards, and Benjamin Franklin printed and sold playing cards. Americans were so fond of card games that when the British Stamp Act of 1765 put a one-shilling tax on playing cards, people became extremely upset. In
fact, anger about the Stamp Act and a tax on tea contributed to support for the American Revolution. During the colonial period, lotteries (a system of raising money by selling numbered tickets and distributing prizes to the holders of numbers drawn at random) were used to raise money to establish the colony of Virginia. In 1777 the Continental Congress held a $5 million lottery to pay for the
By the 1800s Americans were known for their gambling. Visitors to this country said it was impossible to talk to a person from Kentucky without hearing the phrase, "I'll bet you!" Large riverboats that traveled up and down the Mississippi and Ohio Rivers carrying passengers or freight almost always had a casino where gamblers
played cards and other games of chance. Along the Mississippi River was New Orleans, Louisiana, a city famous for gambling. After the Civil War, adventurers went searching for gold and silver in the West, and virtually every mining town had a few gambling casinos.
Beginning in the 1870s, however, most forms of gambling and all lotteries were outlawed by states, following a scandal in the Louisiana lottery. This state lottery had operated nationwide, and the scandal involved bribery of state and federal officials. In 1890 Congress outlawed the use of the mail for lotteries, and in 1895
it forbade shipments of lottery tickets across state lines.
Although gambling has always been popular in the United States, many people have opposed it because they believed gambling was immoral and posed a threat to both individuals and the community. Some people that became addicted to gambling lost their homes, families, and careers. Furthermore, during the Prohibition Era
(1920–33), when alcohol was outlawed, organized crime moved into the profitable worlds of alcoholic beverages and gambling. Although legal gambling has since regained respectability and is viewed by many Americans as an acceptable activity, the association with organized crime and corruption still taints the activity in the minds of others.
Lotteries began a revival in 1964 when New Hampshire created a state lottery. New York followed suit in 1966. From 1970 to 1975 ten more states established them. In 2004 thirty-eight states and Washington, D.C., operated lotteries.
In 2002 the U.S. gaming industry had gross revenues of approximately $68.7 billion, according to research cited by the American Gaming Association from industry analysts Christiansen Capital Advisors LLC. More than half of this figure came from casino gambling, $28.1 billion of which was from commercial ventures and $14.2
billion of which was from Indian reservation casinos. Lotteries took in anot…
Technically, a casino is any room or rooms in which gaming is conducted. When most Americans think of casinos, they picture lavish hotel and entertainment complexes, such as those in Las Vegas or Atlantic City, New Jersey. Before 1990 only Nevada and Atlantic City permitted casinos, but the 1990s saw regulations eased as
states and municipalities sought the jobs and tax revenues that casinos could…
Harrah's Entertainment, Inc., operates twenty-six casinos in the United States and publishes an annual survey to identify characteristics and preferences of casino gamblers. The survey results in Profile of the American Casino Gambler: Harrah's Survey 2003 were based on three nationwide studies: "The Roper Reports," conducted
by Roper ASW; and "The U.S. Gaming Pa…
Charitable gambling is permitted in all states except Arkansas, Hawaii, Tennessee, and Utah. In 2002 it constituted almost 4% of the total amount wagered on legalized gambling in the United States, according to Christiansen Capital Advisors LLC. Of this total, bingo accounted for close to half. Charity games included bingo,
raffles, casino nights, and jar tickets, among others. Bingo sessions were…
Pari-mutuel wagering combines wagers into a common pool. Sports in which pari-mutuel wagering takes place are horse racing, greyhound racing, and jai alai. Winners are paid according to odds calculated with reference to the amounts bet on each contestant. In 2002 parimutuel wagering represented about 6% of the gaming industry.
From 1974 to 2000 the overall trends in parimutuel wagering included an…
A lottery is a game in which people purchase numbered tickets in hopes of winning a prize. A person wins if the number on his or her ticket is the one drawn from a pool of all the tickets purchased for that event. In the case of instant lotteries, a bettor wins if the ticket contains a predetermined winning number. Raffles are
a form of lottery in which the prize is usually goods rather than cash.…
Electronic gambling devices (EGDs) include standalone slot machines, video poker, video keno, and other types of gambling games. Because EGDs are portable, they make gambling possible at locations that, unlike racetracks or casinos, are not dedicated to the business of gambling. Bars, truck stops, convenience stores, and other
locations that did not formerly offer gambling have begun to feature EG…
The only states where legal betting on sports took place as of 2004 were Nevada and Oregon. In Nevada in 2003 there were 142 legal sports books that permitted wagering on professional and amateur sports. Bettors had to be over twenty-one years of age and physically present to wager. It was also possible to bet on sports via
the Oregon lottery, which offered a game called "Sports Action…
Internet gambling first appeared on the World Wide Web in the summer of 1995. By May 1998, according to the 1999 National Gambling Impact Study Commission Report, there were ninety online casinos, thirty-nine lotteries, eight bingos, and fifty-three sports books. In 2003 the River City Group, a research organization
specializing in online gaming, estimated that there were over 810 casino-style gam…
Although gambling is simply one form of recreation and fun for many people, studies have shown that for 4% to 6% of gamblers it can become a compulsion or addiction. This behavior may cause them to gamble away their paychecks and go deeply into debt. It may harm marriages and relationships with children, other relatives, and
friends. The overwhelming majority of problem gamblers are male, and most…
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