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Characteristics of Inmates - Race, Ethnicity, Age, And Gender

prisoners hispanic african americans

In 2003 some 1.3 million men and 92,785 women were serving sentences in state and federal prisons, according to Paige M. Harrison and Allen J. Beck in Prisoners in 2003 (Washington, DC: Bureau of Justice Statistics, November 2004). (See Table 5.1.) Expressed in percentages of total prisoners 35% were non-Hispanic whites, 44% non-Hispanic African-Americans, 19% were Hispanics, and 1.9% were of other races (Asians, American Indians, Alaskan Natives, Native Hawaiians, and other Pacific Islanders). About 93% were men.

Among white prisoners, 8.6% were women, among African-Americans 5.9%, and among Hispanics 6.4%. The age group with the highest number of male prisoners in 2003 was twenty-five to twenty-nine years old (231,400). Women were most numerous in the thirty-five- to thirty-nine-year-old age group across all races. Among men, whites were more numerous in the group aged thirty-five to thirty-nine years (75,400), while African-Americans (111,400) and Hispanics (54,700) were more predominant in the twenty-five- to twenty-nine-year-old age group.

The largest overall number of prisoners were African-Americans. Among men, African-Americans outnumbered whites in every age group except those aged forty-five to fifty-four and fifty-five and older. Among women, whites were more numerous than African-Americans in every age category except those aged eighteen and nineteen.

According to Prisoners in 2003, incarceration rates (measured as the number of prisoners per 100,000 residents of a gender/age group) indicate that, overall, 465 white males aged eighteen and older were in prison per 100,000 resident males of the same age group. For African-Americans this number was 3,405, for Hispanics 1,231. The rates for women were thirty-eight for whites, 185 for African-Americans, and eighty-four for Hispanics. Whites and African-Americans in this context are non-Hispanic. (See Table 5.2.) These data, translated into percentages, indicate that 9.3% of African-American males aged twenty-five to twenty-nine were in prison in 2003 compared to 1.1% of white males in that age range and 2.6% of Hispanic males.

A somewhat expanded data set, prisoners under the jurisdiction of state and federal correctional authorities (a grouping that includes people on probation and parole), shows correctional population trends for men and women since 1995. (See Table 5.3.) These data, reported in Prisoners in 2003, indicate that 1,368,866 men and 101,179 women made up the correctional population in 2003. Men increased 2% from 2002 to 2003 with an annual average rate of 3.3% from 1995 to 2003. The female correctional population increased by 3.6% from 2002 to 2003 and grew 5% on average each year from 1995 to 2003. Numbers for prisoners sentenced to more than one year show that the male correctional population in this category grew 1.9% from 2002 to 2003 while the female population increased by 4.2%. The incarceration rate for men was 789 per 100,000 residents in 1995 and 915 in 2003. The corresponding rate for women was forty-seven in 1995 and sixty-two in 2003.

TABLE 5.1
Number of state and federal prisoners, by gender, race, Hispanic origin, and age, 2003
SOURCE: Paige M. Harrison and Allen J. Beck, "Table 11. Number of Sentenced Prisoners under State or Federal Jurisdiction, by Gender, Race, Hispanic Origin, and Age, 2003," in Prisoners in 2003, Bureau of Justice Statistics, November 2004, http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs/pub/pdf/p03.pdf (accessed April 2, 2005)

Number of sentenced prisoners
Males Females
Totala Whiteb Blackb Hispanic Totala Whiteb Blackb Hispanic
Total 1,316,495 454,300 586,300 251,900 92,785 39,100 35,000 16,200
18–19 25,200 7,100 12,600 4,900 1,100 400 500 200
20–24 208,300 59,400 99,900 46,200 11,100 4,400 4,200 2,300
25–29 231,400 63,100 111,400 54,700 13,900 5,600 5,300 2,600
30–34 221,000 70,300 100,000 47,900 17,200 7,200 6,500 3,100
35–39 209,400 75,400 91,900 37,800 18,800 7,800 7,300 3,200
40–44 182,300 71,700 78,100 27,900 15,600 6,800 5,800 2,500
45–54 178,400 74,800 73,900 24,800 12,400 5,400 4,700 1,800
55 or older 57,700 31,900 17,200 7,200 2,600 1,400 700 300
Note: Based on custody counts by race and Hispanic origin from National Prisoner Statistics (NPS-1A) and updated from jurisdiction counts by gender at yearend. Estimates by age were derived from the National Corrections Reporting Program, 2002. Estimates were rounded to the nearest 100.
aIncludes American Indians, Alaska Natives, Asians, Native Hawaiians, and other Pacific Islanders.
bExcludes Hispanics.

TABLE 5.2
Number of sentenced state or federal prisoners per 100,000 residents, by gender, race, Hispanic origin, and age, 2003
SOURCE: Paige M. Harrison and Allen J. Beck, "Table 12. Number of Sentenced Prisoners under State or Federal Jurisdiction per 100,000 Residents, by Gender, Race, Hispanic Origin, and Age, 2003," in Prisoners in 2003, Bureau of Justice Statistics, November 2004, http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs/pub/pdf/p03.pdf (accessed April 1, 2005)

Number of sentenced prisoners per 100,000 residents of each group
Males Females
Age Totala Whiteb Blackb Hispanic Totala Whiteb Blackb Hispanic
Total 915 465 3,405 1,231 62 38 185 84
18–19 597 266 2,068 692 28 15 80 39
20–24 1,996 932 7,017 2,267 112 71 286 138
25–29 2,380 1,090 9,262 2,592 147 99 406 152
30–34 2,074 1,042 7,847 2,440 164 109 456 181
35–39 1,895 1,017 6,952 2,226 170 106 491 209
40–44 1,584 873 5,854 1,995 133 82 386 192
45–54 899 501 3,500 1,329 60 36 190 97
55 or older 208 141 747 397 8 5 22 16
Note: Based on estimates of the U.S. resident population on July 1, 2003, using intercensal estimates for July 1, 2002 (by gender, race, and Hispanic origin) and adjusted to the July 1, 2003, estimates by gender.
Includes American Indians, Alaska Natives, Asians, Native Hawaiians, and other Pacific Islanders.
Excludes Hispanics.

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over 2 years ago

You Should Do
*Black & Latino Males In Jail
*Salary Of Collage Grades .vs. High School
-Average Salary
-Age Range
-5 year interals

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Siuri

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over 2 years ago

You Should Do
*Black & Latino Males In Jail
*Salary Of Collage Grades .vs. High School
-Average Salary
-Age Range
-5 year interals

Thanks
Siuri

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