Poverty in Underdeveloped Countries—The Poorest of the Poor - The United Nations' List Of Least Developed Countries, Africa: The Poorest Continent, The Poor In Africa
Underdeveloped countries are at the very bottom of the global economy, with widespread extreme poverty and dire living conditions. They usually have little or no infrastructure or reliable health care and other social services. Many have experienced long-term political unrest in the form of civil war or armed conflict with
other nations, or have been subject to unstable governments, dictatorships, and/or corruption. In addition, they may frequently suffer environmental events and natural disasters that cause famine, destruction, and displacement of large segments of their populations.
Many scholars and researchers refer to nations whose economies are almost completely lacking in industry and technology as "least developed countries" (LDCs). That term has a specific meaning according to the Economic and Social Council of the United Nations (UN), which maintains a list of countries it considers to be "least
developed" according to whether they meet cer…
Africa is the second-largest continent on the planet (after Asia) in both land area and population—with more than 800 million people living in fifty-four countries. With a total land area of more than eleven million square miles, Africa accounts for 20% of the land on the planet; its population accounts for one-seventh of the
population of earth. Africa is typically discussed as two distinc…
The United Nations tracks trends in poverty worldwide using its Human Development Index (HDI; see Chapter 1), which measures overall well-being in underdeveloped and developing countries. In its Human Development Report 2005, the UN indicated that the HDI has risen since the 1990s in almost all developing and underdeveloped
areas of the world but two: the Russian Federation and sub-Saharan Africa.…
In terms of both land mass and number of people, Asia is the largest continent on earth, with four billion people in approximately fifty countries covering about 17.2 million square miles, including parts of Siberia (North Asia); China, Japan, Taiwan, and the Korean Peninsula (East Asia, or the Far East); the Middle East,
including the Arabian Peninsula, the Persian Gulf countries, Armenia, Georgi…
In Voices of the Least Developed Countries of Asia and the Pacific: Achieving the Millennium Development Goals through a Global Partnership (Elsevier, 2005), the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) reported that the least developed Asia/Pacific countries—Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, Kiribati, Lao People's
Democratic Republic, Maldives, Myanmar, Nepal, Samoa, Solom…
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