Health - Health Care, Pregnancy And Birth, Diseases And Minority Populations, Aids, Behaviors That Threaten Health
hispanics hispanic americans age
The demographic profiles of non-Hispanic African-Americans, Hispanics, Asian-Americans, Pacific Islanders, Native Americans, and Alaska Natives differ considerably from those of the nonminority population. Because a high percentage of minorities live in urban areas, they are exposed to a greater number of environmental
hazards, including pollution, traffic hazards, substandard and/or overcrowded housing, and crime. Occupational risks are also greater for minorities because a greater percentage of them are employed in potentially dangerous jobs. Poverty, which is experienced disproportionately by African-Americans, Hispanics, and Native Americans and Alaska Natives, leads to poor nutrition, poor housing
conditions, and poor access to health care. In addition, the amount of stress involved in facing daily discrimination and changing cultural environments as well as the lack of resources for solving stressful situations can play a critical role in the mental health of minority groups.
As a whole, Hispanics enjoy better health on a variety of measures than do non-Hispanic whites, despite Hispanics' disadvantaged position, higher poverty rates, lower educational attainment, and the obstacles to health care that they encounter. This is most likely due in part to the fact that Hispanics in the United States are
younger than the non-Hispanic white population. More than a third (34.4%) of Hispanics were under the age of eighteen in 2002, compared with 22.8% of non-Hispanic whites. Conversely, only 5.1% of Hispanics were age sixty-five or older, compared with 14.4% of non-Hispanic whites. (See Figure 6.1.) In The Hispanic Population in the United States: March
2002 (June 2003, http://www.census.gov/prod/2003pubs/p20-545.pdf), Roberto R. Ramirez and G. Patricia de la Cruz explain that this age differential is partly due to the higher fertility rate of Hispanics and partly to their recent immigration status—younger people tend to immigrate; in 2002 four out of ten Hispanics in the United States were foreign born.
The 2004 National Healthcare Disparities Report (December 2004, http://www.qualitytools.ahrq.gov/disparitiesreport/2004/documents/nhdr2004.pdf), which is published by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, defines quality health care as "doing the right thing, at the right time, in the right way, for the right
people—and having the best possible results." Quality he…
The importance of early prenatal care cannot be overemphasized, as doctors are now better able to detect, and often correct, potential problems early in pregnancy. While every pregnant woman should receive prenatal care, the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) believes the United States is capable of guaranteeing that
more than 90% of pregnant women receive prenatal care during the first …
Cancer is the uncontrolled multiplication and spread of abnormal cells and can lead to death if unchecked. Cancer incidence varies according to racial and ethnic background. Such risk factors as occupation, use of tobacco and alcohol, sexual and reproductive behaviors, and nutritional and dietary habits influence the
development of cancer. Cancer screening, treatment, and mortality rates also vary…
Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) is caused by a virus that affects the body's immune system, making it difficult to fight invasions from infection or other foreign substances. As a result, people infected with the AIDS virus are subject to a number of opportunistic infections, primarily Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia
and aposi's sarcoma, a form of skin cancer. AIDS, which i…
Nicotine is the drug in tobacco that causes addiction; cigarette smoking is the most popular method of taking nicotine in the United States. Tobacco use is the leading cause of preventable death in the United States. Smoking during pregnancy causes an increased risk of stillborn, premature birth, and low birth weight. The tar
in cigarettes increases the user's risk of lung cancer, emphysema…
Women tend to live longer than men, and whites are likely to live longer than African-Americans. When comparing the life expectancies of African-American and white babies, African-American males born in 2003 had the shortest life expectancy of sixty-nine years, while white females had the longest life expectancy of 80.5 years.
African-American females had a life expectancy of 76.1 years, and white…
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