AIDS and Intravenous Drug Use - Hiv/aids—the Background, Ways Hiv Is Transmitted, The Death Toll Of Aids, Sharing Equipment
injection united morbidity hepatitis
Substance abuse and addiction are major underlying causes of preventable morbidity and mortality in the United States. The risks increase when
illicit substances are injected, which contributes to multiple health and social problems for IDUs [injection drug users], including transmission of bloodborne infections (e.g., human immunodeficiency virus [HIV] and hepatitis B and C infections) through sharing unsterile drug injection equipment and practicing unsafe sex. In the United States, approximately one third of acquired immunodeficiency
syndrome cases and one half of new hepatitis C cases are associated with injection drug use.
—Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, in Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, vol. 50, no. 19, May 18, 2001
The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) was first detected in 1981 and has been claiming lives since then all over the world. The virus causes an infectious disease that, if left untreated, rapidly develops into acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). People often use the abbreviations HIV and AIDS interchangeably, but there
is a definite progression. HIV infection comes first and AIDS is the la…
While much has been done to educate the American public about how HIV is transmitted, many individuals are unaware of, or ignore facts about, the methods of transmission. Some people are in "high risk groups," but they are not the only ones who become infected with HIV. HIV is transmitted through body fluids, e.g. blood,
semen, and vaginal secretions. Most infections occur in the cou…
Since the onset of the HIV/AIDS epidemic around 1981, a cumulative total of 892,875 adults (including adolescents) have been diagnosed with AIDS in the United States as of the end of 2003. (See Table 9.1.) In the 1981-2003 period, 518,957 people thirteen and older have died of AIDS. (See Table 9.2.) An additional 9,419
children under thirteen were also found to have the disease. (See Table 9.3.) M…
Drug use can lead to HIV infection, then to AIDS, then to death because drug users share equipment contaminated with infected blood. The equipment involved is the syringe, the needle, the "cooker," cotton, and rinse water used to prevent blood from clotting in the needle and syringe. The syringe and the needle can become
contaminated when infected blood is left behind between uses. T…
In 2003, 43,112 adults (including adolescents) were diagnosed with AIDS. (See Table 9.3.) Of this total, 9,449 got AIDS directly by injecting drug use (21.9%). In that same year, fifty-nine children under thirteen (so-called pediatric cases) were also diagnosed, substantially less than in 1992; all but one of them got the
disease perinatally from infected mothers. (See Table 9.5 and Figure 9.1.) A…
In 1993, 12,587 adults and adolescents died as a direct consequence of AIDS acquired by injecting drug use (IDU), according to figures in the CDC's HIV/AIDS Surveillance Report. These deaths exclude deaths indirectly due to IDU such as heterosexual or homosexual contact with a drug user. In 1993 these deaths represented 27.8%
of all deaths from AIDS, 51.4% of all female deaths from AIDS, an…
Drug users share equipment because syringes and needles are difficult to obtain and difficult (as well as time-consuming) to sterilize in domestic environments. This has led to the establishment of syringe-exchange programs (SEPs; more popularly known as needle-exchange programs or NEPs). The logic behind these programs is
that some drug users will use injection equipment to administer drugs to th…
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