Special Facilities and Populations - Military Incarceration, U.s. Territories And Commonwealths, Jails In Indian Country, Immigrants In Confinement
Most prisons and jails are associated with federal, state, and local government, and adhere to the same general sets of laws and regulations. There are some exceptions, however. A few organizations and areas within the United States have specialized prison facilities of their own. There are also some types of prisoners, such
as immigrants and death row inmates, that are handled differently from most other prisoners in the American correctional system.
The U.S. military has always operated under laws of its own. Today, that is the Uniform Code of Military Justice (UCMJ), enacted by Congress on May 5, 1950 (U.S. Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces, "History," http://www.armfor.uscourts.gov/Establis.htm). Congress created the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces as the
final appellate court under the UCMJ, but an amendment of…
The reach of crime and of corrections is worldwide, extending even to tiny islands in the Caribbean or in the Pacific Ocean—two regions where U.S. territories and commonwealths are located. In the Pacific are American Samoa, Guam, and the Northern Mariana Islands; in the Caribbean are Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands.
The largest of the U.S. possessions, the Commonwealth of Puerto Ri…
In its management of Native American nations, Congress reserved for federal jurisdiction fourteen crimes committed by or against Native Americans in Indian Country (tribal lands and reservations; for the U.S. Code, see http://uscode.house.gov/). The relevant provisions of the Major Crimes Act of 1885, codified as 18 USC 1153,
read as follows: TABLE 10.2 Prisoners under military jurisdiction, …
Since the passage of the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965, which eliminated a quota system based on country of origin, immigration has risen in the United FIGURE 10.1 Immigrant population by world region of birth, 2003 SOURCE: Luke J. Larsen, "Figure 1. Foreign Born by World Region of Birth, 2003," in The Foreign-Born
Population in the United States, 2003, U.S. Census Bu…
In 1972 the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that the death penalty was "cruel and unusual punishment" in three cases the Court agreed to hear—two for rape and one for murder, each involving a African-American offender. The Court's ruling was based on the manner in which the death penalty was then administered by the states. The
states left sentencing to juries with little or n…
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