Victims of Crime - Trends In Victimization
rate violent percent rates
The NCVS, like the FBI's Uniform Crime Reports, found that the overall level of crime decreased from 1973 to 2000. (Although the 1993–2000 survey results cannot be directly compared to earlier statistics, adjusted data can be used to highlight trends.) More than 41 million personal and household crimes were committed in 1981. The 1981 adjusted rate of approximately 52.5 violent crimes per 1,000 persons was significantly higher than at any time before 1977. The victimization rate for violent crimes increased between 1977 and 1981 and then declined until 1986. From 1986 to 1994 the violent crime rate increased, reaching 51.8 per 1,000 in 1994. From 1994 to 2000, however, violent crime rates fell 44.1 percent, and property crime rates declined by 44.2 percent.
Property crime rates fell dramatically between 1973 (adjusted data) and 1995. After a slight increase from 1973 to 1975, the rates dropped more or less consistently through 1995. Only motor vehicle theft remained relatively stable over this period.
Violent victimizations by age dropped from 1973 to 2000. The proportion of victimizations across age groups has varied. For example, in 1973, 16- to 19-year-olds were about twice as likely to be victimized by violent crime as persons 35 to 49 years of age; this rate increased to about three times as likely by 2000. For those ages 16–19, the violent victimization rate dropped by one-fifth between 1973 and 2000. For 12- to 15-year-olds, the rate
|Rate per 1,000 households|
|Type of crime||Number||Rate||Number||Rate||Number||Rate||Number||Rate|
|Unlawful entry without force||1,579,650||14.3||1,353,160||14.7||183,360||13.1||43,130||10.4|
|Attempted forcible entry||458,410||4.2||316,470||3.4||134,840||9.6||7,100*||1.7*|
|Motor vehicle theft||988,760||9.0||695,410||7.5||241,670||17.2||51,670||12.5|
|Less than $50||4,186,570||37.9||3,646,500||39.6||409,720||29.2||130,360||31.6|
|$250 or more||3,270,530||29.6||2,766,820||30.0||396,330||28.3||107,390||26.0|
|Amount not available||1,127,740||10.2||923,680||10.0||152,290||10.9||51,760||12.5|
|Total number of households||110,323,840||…||92,182,320||…||14,013,850||…||4,127,670||…|
|Note: Detail may not add to total shown because of rounding.|
|*Estimate is based on about 10 or fewer sample cases.|
|SOURCE: "Table 16: Property Crimes, 2002: Number of Victimizations and Victimization Rates by Type of Crime and Race of Head of Household," in Criminal Victimization in the United States, 2002 Statistical Tables, U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Bureau of Justice Statistics, Washington, DC, 2003|
of violent victimization dropped by one-quarter. For those ages 20–24, the rate fell over 40 percent. Rates of victimization remained within a much narrower range for those 50 to 64 years of age yet still dropped 20 percent between 1973 and 2000. (See Table 3.5.)
The 2000 rates of violent victimization continued the general decline of the previous several years. From 1994 to 2000 the rate of violent crime decreased by 46.1 percent. In 1994 there were 51.8 violent victimizations per 1,000 population compared to 27.9 per 1,000 in 2000. The robbery rate fell 49.2 percent and the aggravated assault rate dropped 52.1 percent. Personal theft declined 50 percent from 1994 to 2000.
The rates of all property crime categories continued to decrease from 1994 to 2000. Motor vehicle theft showed a 52.8 percent decline. Theft rates fell 41.2 percent, continuing a steady decline that began in 1979.