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Coal - International Coal Usage

tons short germany energy

The Annual Energy Review 2003 (2004) reported that world coal production was 1.1 billion short tons in 2002 and accounted for 21% of world energy production. China led the world in coal production, mining just over 1.5 billion short tons, followed by the United States at 1.1 billion short tons. (See Figure 4.8.) Other major producers were India, Australia, Russia, South Africa, Germany, and Poland.

World consumption of coal in 2002 totaled 5.3 billion short tons. Besides being the largest producer, China was

FIGURE 4.8

TABLE 4.4

Coal exports by country of destination, 1960–2003
(Million short tons)
Europe
Year Canada Brazil Belgium and Luxembourg Denmark France Germany1 Italy Netherlands Spain United Kingdom Other Total Japan Other Total
1Through 1990, data for Germany are for the former West Germany only. Beginning in 1991, data for Germany are for the unified Germany, i.e., the former East Germany and West Germany.
(s) = Less than 0.05 million short tons.
Note: Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding.
SOURCE: "Table 7.4. Coal Exports by Country of Destination, 1960–2003 (Million Short Tons)," in Annual Energy Review 2003, U.S. Department of Energy, Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Markets and End Use, September 7, 2004, http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/aer/pdf/aer.pdf (accessed September 28, 2004)
1960 12.8 1.1 1.1 0.1 0.8 4.6 4.9 2.8 0.3 0.0 2.4 17.1 5.6 1.3 38.0
1961 12.1 1.0 1.0 0.1 0.7 4.3 4.8 2.6 0.2 0.0 2.0 15.7 6.6 1.0 36.4
1962 12.3 1.3 1.3 (s) 0.9 5.1 6.0 3.3 0.8 (s) 1.8 19.1 6.5 1.0 40.2
1963 14.6 1.2 2.7 (s) 2.7 5.6 7.9 5.0 1.5 0.0 2.4 27.7 6.1 0.9 50.4
1964 14.8 1.1 2.3 (s) 2.2 5.2 8.1 4.2 1.4 0.0 2.6 26.0 6.5 1.1 49.5
1965 16.3 1.2 2.2 (s) 2.1 4.7 9.0 3.4 1.4 (s) 2.3 25.1 7.5 0.9 51.0
1966 16.5 1.7 1.8 (s) 1.6 4.9 7.8 3.2 1.2 (s) 2.5 23.1 7.8 1.0 50.1
1967 15.8 1.7 1.4 0.0 2.1 4.7 5.9 2.2 1.0 0.0 2.1 19.4 12.2 1.0 50.1
1968 17.1 1.8 1.1 0.0 1.5 3.8 4.3 1.5 1.5 0.0 1.9 15.5 15.8 0.9 51.2
1969 17.3 1.8 0.9 0.0 2.3 3.5 3.7 1.6 1.8 0.0 1.3 15.2 21.4 1.2 56.9
1970 19.1 2.0 1.9 0.0 3.6 5.0 4.3 2.1 3.2 (s) 1.8 21.8 27.6 1.2 71.7
1971 18.0 1.9 0.8 0.0 3.2 2.9 2.7 1.6 2.6 1.7 1.1 16.6 19.7 1.1 57.3
1972 18.7 1.9 1.1 0.0 1.7 2.4 3.7 2.3 2.1 2.4 1.1 16.9 18.0 1.2 56.7
1973 16.7 1.6 1.2 0.0 2.0 1.6 3.3 1.8 2.2 0.9 1.3 14.4 19.2 1.6 53.6
1974 14.2 1.3 1.1 0.0 2.7 1.5 3.9 2.6 2.0 1.4 0.9 16.1 27.3 1.8 60.7
1975 17.3 2.0 0.6 0.0 3.6 2.0 4.5 2.1 2.7 1.9 1.6 19.0 25.4 2.6 66.3
1976 16.9 2.2 2.2 (s) 3.5 1.0 4.2 3.5 2.5 0.8 2.1 19.9 18.8 2.1 60.0
1977 17.7 2.3 1.5 0.1 2.1 0.9 4.1 2.0 1.6 0.6 2.1 15.0 15.9 3.5 54.3
1978 15.7 1.5 1.1 0.0 1.7 0.6 3.2 1.1 0.8 0.4 2.2 11.0 10.1 2.5 40.7
1979 19.5 2.8 3.2 0.2 3.9 2.6 5.0 2.0 1.4 1.4 4.4 23.9 15.7 4.1 66.0
1980 17.5 3.3 4.6 1.7 7.8 2.5 7.1 4.7 3.4 4.1 6.0 41.9 23.1 6.0 91.7
1981 18.2 2.7 4.3 3.9 9.7 4.3 10.5 6.8 6.4 2.3 8.8 57.0 25.9 8.7 112.5
1982 18.6 3.1 4.8 2.8 9.0 2.3 11.3 5.9 5.6 2.0 7.6 51.3 25.8 7.5 106.3
1983 17.2 3.6 2.5 1.7 4.2 1.5 8.1 4.2 3.3 1.2 6.4 33.1 17.9 6.1 77.8
1984 20.4 4.7 3.9 0.6 3.8 0.9 7.6 5.5 2.3 2.9 5.3 32.8 16.3 7.2 81.5
1985 16.4 5.9 4.4 2.2 4.5 1.1 10.3 6.3 3.5 2.7 10.3 45.1 15.4 9.9 92.7
1986 14.5 5.7 4.4 2.1 5.4 0.8 10.4 5.6 2.6 2.9 8.4 42.6 11.4 11.4 85.5
1987 16.2 5.8 4.6 0.9 2.9 0.5 9.5 4.1 2.5 2.6 6.6 34.2 11.1 12.3 79.6
1988 19.2 5.3 6.5 2.8 4.3 0.7 11.1 5.1 2.5 3.7 8.5 45.1 14.1 11.3 95.0
1989 16.8 5.7 7.1 3.2 6.5 0.7 11.2 6.1 3.3 4.5 8.9 51.6 13.8 12.9 100.8
1990 15.5 5.8 8.5 3.2 6.9 1.1 11.9 8.4 3.8 5.2 9.5 58.4 13.3 12.7 105.8
1991 11.2 7.1 7.5 4.7 9.5 1.7 11.3 9.6 4.7 6.2 10.4 65.5 12.3 13.0 109.0
1992 15.1 6.4 7.2 3.8 8.1 1.0 9.3 9.1 4.5 5.6 8.5 57.3 12.3 11.4 102.5
1993 8.9 5.2 5.2 0.3 4.0 0.5 6.9 5.6 4.1 4.1 6.9 37.6 11.9 11.0 74.5
1994 9.2 5.5 4.9 0.5 2.9 0.3 7.5 4.9 4.1 3.4 7.3 35.8 10.2 10.7 71.4
1995 9.4 6.4 4.5 2.1 3.7 2.0 9.1 7.3 4.7 4.7 10.7 48.6 11.8 12.4 88.5
1996 12.0 6.5 4.6 1.3 3.9 1.1 9.2 7.1 4.1 6.2 9.8 47.2 10.5 14.2 90.5
1997 15.0 7.5 4.3 0.4 3.4 0.9 7.0 4.8 4.1 7.2 9.2 41.3 8.0 11.8 83.5
1998 20.7 6.5 3.2 0.3 3.2 1.2 5.3 4.5 3.2 5.9 6.9 33.8 7.7 9.4 78.0
1999 19.8 4.4 2.1 0.0 2.5 0.6 4.0 3.4 2.5 3.2 4.3 22.5 5.0 6.7 58.5
2000 18.8 4.5 2.9 0.1 3.0 1.0 3.7 2.6 2.7 3.3 5.7 25.0 4.4 5.8 58.5
2001 17.6 4.6 2.8 0.0 2.2 0.9 5.4 2.1 1.6 2.5 3.3 20.8 2.1 3.6 48.7
2002 16.7 3.5 2.4 0.0 1.3 1.0 3.1 1.7 1.9 1.9 2.4 15.6 1.3 2.6 39.6
2003 20.8 3.5 1.8 0.3 1.3 0.5 2.8 2.0 1.8 1.5 3.2 15.1 (s) 3.6 43.0

FIGURE 4.9

also the largest consumer of coal in 2002, using more than 1.4 billion short tons, followed by the United States at 1.1 billion short tons. (See Figure 4.9.) Other major consumers included India, Germany, Russia, and Japan.

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