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Casinos: Native American Tribal Casinos - History, Gambling Classes, Regulation, Federal Recognition, Revenues, Tribal-commercial Casino Ventures

gaming tribes reported indian

Indian Gaming: Final Impact Analysis (2004), a report issued by the National Indian Gaming Association (NIGA), reported that casinos operated by Native American tribes made $16.7 billion during 2003. Commercial casinos during that same year made $27 billion, as reported by the American Gaming Association (AGA) in 2004 State of the States: The AGA Survey of Casino Entertainment. Tribal casinos, therefore, had 38% of the casino market during 2003. This percentage is expected to continue to grow throughout the first decade of the twenty-first century.

According to the U.S Census conducted in 2000, more than four million people in the United States (approximately 1.5% of the total population) identify themselves as Native Americans. These individuals belonged to more than five hundred federally recognized tribes. In 2003 more than two hundred tribes were engaged in gaming enterprises. The NIGA reported in Indian Gaming that more than eighteen million Americans visited tribal gaming facilities in 2002. According to Harrah's Survey 2003: Profile of the American Casino Gambler, Native American casinos were the top casino destination for residents of Arizona, California, Connecticut, Florida, Massachusetts, Minnesota, New Hampshire, New Mexico, North Carolina, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Oregon, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Washington, and Wisconsin.

Although tribal casinos are being operated throughout much of the United States, they are not welcome everywhere. In 2003 the Passamaquoddy and Penobscot tribes of Maine held a successful petition drive to put a casino referendum on the November 2003 ballot. The referendum was defeated by Maine voters by a two-to-one margin.

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