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animal university association national

Several resources useful to this book were published by agencies of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), including the Economic Research Service, National Agricultural Statistics Service, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS), and Food Safety and Inspection Service. Other federal agencies providing information were the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS), U.S. Customs and Border Protection, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), National Science Board, National Institutes of Health (NIH), Food and Drug Administration (FDA), U.S. Forest Service (FS), National Park Service (NPS), Bureau of Land Management (BLM), National Marine Fisheries Service, and U.S. Department of Labor.

The General Accounting Office (GAO) is the investigative arm of the U.S. Congress. One GAO publication used for this book was Wildlife Services Program: Information on Activities to Manage Wildlife Damage (GAO-02-138).

State agencies and educational institutions providing information included Alberta Farm Animal Care (Canada), California Horse Racing Board, Cambridge University Veterinary School, Colorado State University, Georgia Department of Natural Resources, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, McCormick Library of Special Collections, Office of the Statue Auditor of Missouri, Oregon State University, Smithsonian Institution, the State University of New Jersey Rutgers Cooperative Extension, Tufts University School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Arizona, University of Nebraska–Lincoln, University of Saskatchewan College of Agriculture, University of South Carolina, and the Virginia Cooperative Extension. The University of New Mexico School of Law, Center for Wildlife Law, and Michigan State University Animal Legal and Historical Center were invaluable resources for legal documents.

Information on animal industries and businesses was obtained from associations including the American Greyhound Council, Inc. (AGC), American Kennel Club, American Meat Institute (AMI), American Pet Products Manufacturers Association (APPMA), American Veal Association (AVA), American Zoo and Aquarium Association (AZA), Food Marketing Institute, Fur Industry Council of America, International Sled Dog Racing Association, International Whaling Commission (IWC), National Council of Chain Restaurants, National Pork Producers Council, National Renderers Association, National Turkey Federation, Outdoor Amusement Business Association (OABA), Pet Industry Joint Advisory Council, the Jockey Club, U.S. Fur Commission, and U.S. Trotting Association.

The Web sites of the Ringling Brothers and Barnum and Bailey Circus, Hanneford Family Circus, Florida Canine Academy, and Paws with a Cause were very informative. The Web site of Dr. Temple Grandin ( was particularly useful as a resource on animal husbandry and slaughtering in the modern agriculture industry.

Organizations involved in animal issues that provided helpful statistics and information include the American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA), Assistance Dogs International, Inc., Foundation for Biomedical Research, Michigan Society for Medical Research (MSMR), Minnesota Foundation for Responsible Animal Care,, National Alternative Pet Association (NAPA), National Association for Search and Rescue, Physician's Committee for Responsible Medicine (PCRM), RDS: Understanding Animal Research in Medicine, U.S. Sportsmen's Alliance, United States Police Canine Association, Inc., and United States War Dog Association. The following resources describe environmental issues that also affect animals: The Ecologist magazine, Monterey Bay Aquarium, Sierra Club, and Union of Concerned Scientists.

Historical articles and exhibits that proved useful were provided by the Web sites of the Agropolis Museum (France), Brooklyn College at City University of New York, Cairo Museum, Carnegie Museum of Natural History, Chicago Historical Society, Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland Museum of Natural History, Dickinson College, Kashmiri Overseas Association, Liverpool John Moores University, Minnesota State University, San Jose State University, the Art Institute of Chicago, the Institute of Human Origins, United States Armor Association, University College (Canada), University of Michigan, University of Newcastle, the Museum of Antiquities (UK), and the Jacques Maritain Center at the University of Notre Dame.

A wealth of information was obtained from groups devoted to the causes of animal protection, welfare, and rights. These include Alley Cat Allies, American Humane Association (AHA), Animal Legal Defense Fund (ALDF), Animal News Center, Inc., Animal People, Animal Protection Institute (API), Animal Rescue Foundation, Animal Welfare Institute (AWI), Association of Veterinarians for Animal Rights, Best Friends Animal Sanctuary, Blue Horse Charities, Defenders of Wildlife, Doris Day Animal League, Farm Sanctuary, Friends of Animals, Fund for Animals, Greyhound Protection League (GPL), Humane Society of the United States (HSUS), In Defense of Animals (IDA), Last Chance for Animals, Maddie's Fund, National Anti-Vivisection Society (NAVS), National Council on Pet Population Study and Policy, New England Anti-Vivisection Society (NEAVS),, People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA),, Psychologists for the Ethical Treatment of Animals, Showing Animals Respect and Kindness (SHARK), Sled Dog Action Coalition, Society for the Protection of Animal Rights Egypt, The Elephant Sanctuary, and United Poultry Concerns (UPC).

Animal rights activists and opponents have written some important books that were valuable resources for this work. They include Beast and Man: The Roots of Human Nature (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University, 1978) and Animals and Why They Matter by Mary Midgley (Harmondsworth, UK: Penguin, 1983; Athens, GA: University of Georgia Press, reprint, 1998), Animal Liberation by Peter Singer (New York, NY: New York Review/Random House, 1975; New York, NY: Ecco, revised edition, 2002), Animals, Property, and the Law by Gary L. Francione (Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press, 1995), Putting Humans First: Why We Are Nature's Favorite by Tibor Machan (Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 2004), Rattling the Cage: Toward Legal Rights for Animals by Steven M. Wise (Cambridge, MA: Perseus Books, 2000), and The Animal Rights Debate by Carl Cohen and Tom Regan (Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 2001).

The following news organizations and outlets were useful for providing timely stories related to animals:, Anchorage Daily News, Animal Planet, Associated Press, Atlanta Journal & Constitution, BBCNews, Billings Gazette, Columbia News Service,, Daily American Republic (Poplar Bluff, MO), Discovery Communications, the Indianapolis Star, International Herald Tribune (Paris), KMOX Radio (St. Louis), the Los Angeles Times, MSNBC, National Geographic News, Nature Publishing Group, the New York Times, ReutersNews Service, San Jose Mercury News, Scientific American, Seattle Post-Intelligencer, St. Louis Post-Dispatch, the Morning News (Springdale, AR),, USA Today, U.S. News and World Report, the Washington Post, the Washington Times, and Yahoo News. The PBS Frontline documentaries "Modern Meat" and "The Story of Navy Dolphins" were very helpful. The Gallup Organization supplied polling results on animal issues.

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