Library Index » Science Encyclopedia » Part 1 Space Organizations: NASA - A New Agency Is Born, Peaceful Versus Military Purposes, Nasa Shoots For The Moon, Space Science Suffers

Part 1 Space Organizations: NASA - Nasa's Budget

fiscal february pdf agency

NASA is a federal government agency. For accounting purposes the federal government operates on a fiscal year (FY) that begins in October and runs through the end of September. Thus, fiscal year 2007 covers the time period of October 1, 2006, through September 30, 2007. Each year by the first Monday in February the President of the United States must present a proposed budget to the U.S. House of Representatives. This is the amount of money that the president estimates will be required to operate the federal government during the next fiscal year.

It can take many months for the House to debate, negotiate, and approve a final budget. Then, the U.S. Senate also must approve the budget. This entire process can take longer than a year, which means that NASA can be well into a fiscal year (or even beyond it) before knowing the exact amount of money appropriated for that year.

On February 6, 2006, NASA Administrator Mike Griffin outlined NASA's FY 2007 budget estimate at a news conference. The agency requested $16.8 billion, a 3.2% increase above the FY 2006 appropriated budget.

Table 2.5 shows the FY 2007 budget request broken down by mission directorate and theme. The space shuttle program is the single most expensive undertaking. It will cost more than $4 billion to operate for the year. Together, the space shuttle and ISS programs account for $6.2 billion (or 37% of the entire budget) for fiscal year 2007. They comprise the Space Operations Mission Directorate.

The Science Mission Directorate is the next most expensive category in the budget. NASA is requesting $5.3 billion to support robotic investigations of our solar system and beyond. Nearly $4 billion is devoted to the Exploration TABLE 2.5 NASA budget request, fiscal year 2007 Adapted from "Budget Adjustments," in Fiscal Year Budget Estimates 2007: Agency Summary, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, February 6, 2006, http://www.nasa.gov/pdf/142543main_FY07%20Budget%20Agency%20Summary%20—%20FINAL%202-4-06.pdf (accessed February 6, 2006)

TABLE 2.5
NASA budget request, fiscal year 2007
$ in millions FY07 request
*IEMP = Integrated Enterprise Management Program
SOURCE: Adapted from "Budget Adjustments," in Fiscal Year Budget Estimates 2007: Agency Summary, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, February 6, 2006, http://www.nasa.gov/pdf/142543main_FY07%20Budget%20Agency%20Summary%20—%20FINAL%202-4-06.pdf (accessed February 6, 2006)
Exploration, science, & aeronautics 10,524.4
Science 5,330.0
    Solar system exploration 1,602.0
    Universe 1,517.1
    Earth-Sun system 2,210.9
Exploration systems 3,978.3
    Constellation systems 3,057.6
    Exploration systems research & tech 646.1
    Human systems research & tech 274.6
Aeronautics research 724.4
Cross-agency support programs 491.7
    Education 153.3
    IEMP* 108.2
    Innovative partnerships 197.9
    Shared capability assets 32.2
Exploration capabilities 6,234.4
Space operations 6,234.4
    Space station 1,811.3
    Space shuttle 4,056.7
    Space & flight support 366.5
Inspector General 33.5
    Total NASA 16,792.3

TABLE 2.6 NASA budget estimates, fiscal years 2006–11 "FY2007 Budget Request Summary," in Fiscal Year Budget Estimates 2007: Agency Summary, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, February 6, 2006, http://www.nasa.gov/pdf/142543main_FY07%20Budget%20Agency%20Summary%20—%20FINAL%202-4-06.pdf (accessed February 6, 2006)

TABLE 2.6
NASA budget estimates, fiscal years 2006–11
$ in millions FY 2006 FY 2007 FY 2008 FY 2009 FY 2010 FY 2011
SOURCE: "FY2007 Budget Request Summary," in Fiscal Year Budget Estimates 2007: Agency Summary, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, February 6, 2006, http://www.nasa.gov/pdf/142543main_FY07%20Budget%20Agency%20Summary%20—%20FINAL%202-4-06.pdf (accessed February 6, 2006)
    Total NASA 16,623 16,792 17,309 17,614 18,026 18,460
Percent change year-to-year 3.2% 3.1% 1.8% 2.3% 2.4%

Systems Mission Directorate. This money would fund research and development of new spacecraft and technologies to send human explorers to Earth's moon and to Mars.

Table 2.6 shows NASA's expectations for future budgets through FY 2011. The long-term plan assumes that shuttle program costs will decrease slowly until 2010 and disappear by 2012. The money saved by eliminating the shuttle program will give a funding boost to the new lunar and Martian exploration programs.

Part 1 Space Organizations: NASA - Nasa's Goals For The Future [next] [back] Part 1 Space Organizations: NASA - Nasa's Workforce

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