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The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is the premier resource for information about the space activities of the United States. NASA headquarters operates a very informative Web site at There are links to all of the facilities operated by NASA around the country. A great number of these NASA Web sites were consulted for this book. In addition, some specific NASA publications proved to be very useful. These include Basics of Space Flight, Space Transportation System, National Aeronautics and Space Administration 2006 Strategic Plan, Fiscal Year 2007 Budget Estimates: Agency Summary, NASA FY 2007 Budget, Fiscal Year 2005 Performance and Accountability Report, The Vision for Space Exploration, Columbia Accident Investigation Board Report, Final Report of the Return to Flight Task Group, NASA's Implementation Plan for Space Shuttle Return to Flight and Beyond, How We'll Get Back to the Moon, Rockets: An Educator's Guide with Activities in Science, Mathematics, and Technology, Suited for Spacewalking, Passage to a Ringed World, Statement of Michael D. Griffin, Administrator, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, before the Committee on Science, House of Representatives: November 3, 2005, NASA Hits, and NASA Workforce.

NASA's History Office maintains an extensive collection of historical documents at its Web site ( The collection includes the complete text of books written for NASA about space activities of previous decades. Online books valuable to this project include This New Ocean: A History of Project Mercury, On the Shoulders of Titans: A History of Project Gemini, Apollo by the Numbers: A Statistical Reference, Chariots for Apollo: A History of Manned Lunar Spacecraft, and The Human Factor: Biomedicine in the Manned Space Program to 1980.

NASA publishes a Press Kit for each mission conducted for the Space Shuttle and International Space Station Programs and major missions of the robotic space program. These press kits contain key information on mission objectives, spacecraft design, crewmembers, and science experiments. Another important NASA series is called NASA Facts. This series provides data about missions and space science and biographies of historical figures key to the nation's space program. The quarterly NASA newsletter Discovery Dispatch describes the progress of ongoing robotic missions. The series Technology Innovation discusses businesses and technologies related to NASA's Innovative Partnerships Program.

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's Space Environment Center has published a series of educational brochures called Space Environment Topics. Informative brochures in the series include "Solar Maximum," "Navigation," "Aurora," "The Ionosphere," "Radio Wave Propagation," "Satellite Anomalies," "NOAA Scales Help Public Understand Space Weather," and "Satellites and Space Weather." Another excellent publication from the Space Environment Center is Solar Physics and Terrestrial Effects: A Curriculum Guide for Teachers, Grades 7-12.

The Congressional Research Service (CRS) is the public policy research arm of the U.S. Congress. CRS publications useful to this book were China's Space Program: An Overview (RS21641), Space Stations (IB93017), and U.S. Space Programs: Civilian, Military, and Commercial (IB92011).

The Government Accountability Office (GAO) is the investigative arm of the U.S. Congress. GAO publications used in this book include Space Transportation: Challenges Facing NASA's Space Launch Initiative (GAO-irse02-irse1020), Space Station: Impact of the Grounding of the Shuttle Fleet (GAO-03-1107), Shuttle Fleet's Safe Return to Flight Is Key to Space Station Progress (GAO-04-201T), Space Shuttle: Further Improvements Needed in NASA's Modernization Efforts (GAO-04-203), Space Shuttle: Actions Needed to Better Position NASA to Sustain Its Workforce through Retirement (GAO-05-230), Defense Space Activities: Management Guidance and Performance Measures Needed to Develop Personnel (GAO-05-833), and National Aeronautics and Space Administration: Long-Standing Financial Management Challenges Threaten the Agency's Ability to Manage Its Programs (GAO-06-216T).

Other government agencies with online publications about space activities include the U.S. Army at Redstone Arsenal, the U.S. Air Force Space Command, the U.S. Naval Observatory, the National Science Foundation, the National Academy of Sciences, the U.S. Department of Energy Los Alamos National Laboratory, and the U.S. Geological Survey Astrogeology Research Program.

Information about international space programs and missions was obtained from the Web sites of the European Space Agency, Rosaviakosmos (the Russian space agency), the Japanese Aerospace Exploration Agency, the Canadian Space Agency, and China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation. The United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs operates an excellent Web site describing international space law and treaties.

Private companies and organizations engaged in space-related enterprises and educational programs include the Planetary Society, the X Prize Foundation, the American Radio Relay League, Scaled Composites, LLC, Mojave Aerospace Ventures, LLC, and Space Adventures, LLC. Breaking news about space activities is available from online news services, including Spaceflight Now, Environmental News Network, National Geographic News, and

The Smithsonian Institution operates the National Air and Space Museum in Washington, D.C. The museum's Web site is an excellent resource for information about the history of airplane flight and space flight ( Many thanks to the Gallup Organization for their polls and surveys about American attitudes regarding programs and missions conducted throughout the Space Age.

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