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Birds - Foreign Species Of Endangered And Threatened Birds

white pheasant parrot island

As of March 2006 there were 181 foreign species of birds listed under the Endangered Species Act as shown in Table 9.4. Categories including several endangered species are the cranes, eagles, owls, parakeets, parrots, pheasants, pigeons, and warblers.

In the World Conservation Union's 2004 Red List of Threatened Species (2004, http://www.redlist.org) a total of 1,213 bird species were considered threatened out of 9,917 species known and evaluated. Certain groups of birds have declined particularly. All albatross species are considered threatened due largely to deaths from long-line fishing. Many Arctic bird species are threatened by habitat loss due to global warming. Tropical bird species are threatened by large-scale deforestation worldwide. Rapid deforestation in Southeast Asian rainforests has increased the number of threatened doves, parrots, and perching birds. The illegal bird trade has severely harmed many threatened species, particularly in Central and South America.

The largest numbers of endangered birds are found in Indonesia, the Philippines, Brazil, Colombia, China, Peru, India, and Tanzania. Island species are particularly vulnerable to habitat destruction because their ranges are usually very small. In addition, because many island birds evolved in the absence of predators, there are a large number of flightless species—these are highly vulnerable to hunting or predation by introduced species, including humans, cats, dogs, and rats. In fact, the IUCN reports that invasive species represent the single most frequent cause of bird extinctions since 1800.

TABLE 9.4 Foreign endangered and threatened bird species, March 2006

TABLE 9.4
Foreign endangered and threatened bird species, March 2006
Status* Species name Status* Species name
E Albatross, Amsterdam (Diomedia amsterdamensis) E Macaw, little blue (Cyanopsitta spixii)
E Alethe, Thyolo (Alethe choloensis) E Magpie-robin, Seychelles (thrush) (Copsychus sechellarum)
E Booby, Abbott's (Papasula (=sula) abbotti) E Malimbe, Ibadan (Malimbus ibadanensis)
E Bristlebird, western (Dasyornis longirostris (=brachypterus I.)) E Malkoha, red-faced (cuckoo) (Phaenicophaeus pyrrhocephalus)
E Bristlebird, western rufous (Dasyornis broadbenti littoralis) E Megapode, Maleo (Macrocephalon maleo)
E Bulbul, Mauritius olivaceous (Hypsipetes borbonicus olivaceus) E Nuthatch, Algerian (Sitta ledanti)
E Bullfinch, Sao Miguel (finch) (Pyrrhula pyrrhula murina) E Ostrich, Arabian (Struthio camelus syriacus)
T Bush-shrike, Ulugura (Malaconotus alius) E Ostrich, West African (Struthio camelus spatzi)
E Bushwren, New Zealand (Xenicus longipes) E Owl, Anjouan scops (Otus rutilus capnodes)
E Bustard, great Indian (Ardeotis (=choriotis) nigriceps) E Owl, giant scops (Mimizuku (=otus) gurneyi)
E Condor, Andean (Vultur gryphus) E Owl, Madagascar red (Tyto soumagnei)
E Cotinga, banded (Cotinga maculata) E Owl, Seychelles scops (Otus magicus (=insularis) insularis)
E Cotinga, white-winged (Xipholena atropurpurea) E Owlet, Morden's (Otus ireneae)
E Crane, black-necked (Grus nigricollis) E Oystercatcher, Canarian black (Haematopus meadewaldoi)
E Crane, Cuba sandhill (Grus canadensis nesiotes) E Parakeet, blue-throated (=ochre-marked) (Pyrrhura cruentata)
E Crane, hooded (Grus monacha) E Parakeet, Forbes' (Cyanoramphus auriceps forbesi)
E Crane, Japanese (Grus japonensis) E Parakeet, golden (Aratinga guarouba)
E Crane, Siberian white (Grus leucogeranus) E Parakeet, golden-shouldered (Psephotus chrysopterygius)
E Crane, white-naped (Grus vipio) E Parakeet, Mauritius (Psittacula echo)
E Cuckoo-shrike, Mauritius (Coquus typicus) E Parakeet, Norfolk Island (Cyanoramphus cookii (=novaezelandiae c.))
E Cuckoo-shrike, Reunion (Coquus newtoni) E Parakeet, orange-bellied (Neophema chrysogaster)
E Curassow, razor-billed (Mitu mitu mitu) E Parakeet, paradise (Psephotus pulcherrimus)
E Curassow, red-billed (Crax blumenbachii) E Parakeet, scarlet-chested (Neophema splendida)
E Curassow, Trinidad white-headed (Pipile pipile pipile) E Parakeet, turquoise (Neophema pulchella)
E Dove, cloven-feathered (Drepanoptila holosericea) E Parrot, Bahaman or Cuban (Amazona leucocephala)
E Dove, Grenada gray-fronted (Leptotila rufaxilla wellsi) E Parrot, ground (Pezoporus wallicus)
E Duck, pink-headed (Rhodonessa caryophyllacea) E Parrot, imperial (Amazona imperialis)
E Duck, white-winged wood (Cairina scutulata) E Parrot, night (=Australian) (Geopsittacus occidentalis)
E Eagle, Greenland white-tailed (Haliaeetus albicilla groenlandicus) E Parrot, red-browed (Amazona rhodocorytha)
E Eagle, harpy (Harpia harpyja) E Parrot, red-capped (Pionopsitta pileata)
E Eagle, Madagascar sea (Haliaeetus vociferoides) E Parrot, red-necked (Amazona arausiaca)
E Eagle, Madagascar serpent (Eutriorchis astur) E Parrot, red-spectacled (Amazona pretrei pretrei)
E Eagle, Philippine (Pithecophaga jefferyi) E Parrot, red-tailed (Amazona brasiliensis)
E Eagle, Spanish imperial (Aquila heliaca adalberti) E Parrot, Seychelles lesser vasa (Coracopsis nigra barklyi)
E Egret, Chinese (Egretta eulophotes) E Parrot, St. Vincent (Amazona guildingii)
E Falcon, Eurasian peregrine (Falco peregrinus peregrinus) E Parrot, St. Lucia (Amazona versicolor)
E Flycatcher, Euler's (Empidonax euleri johnstonei) E Parrot, thick-billed Mexico (Rhynchopsitta pachyrhyncha)
E Flycatcher, Seychelles paradise (Terpsiphone corvina) E Parrot, vinaceous-breasted (Amazona vinacea)
E Flycatcher, Tahiti (Pomarea nigra) E Penguin, Galapagos (Spheniscus mendiculus)
E Fody, Mauritius (Foudia rubra) E Petrel, Mascarene black (Pterodroma aterrima)
E Fody, Rodrigues (Foudia flavicans) E Pheasant, bar-tailed (Syrmaticus humaie)
E Fody, Seychelles (weaver-finch) (Foudia sechellarum) E Pheasant, Blyth's tragopan (Tragopan blythii)
E Francolin, Djibouti (Francolinus ochropectus) E Pheasant, brown eared (Crossoptilon mantchuricum)
E Freira (Pterodroma madeira) E Pheasant, Cabot's tragopan (Tragopan caboti)
E Frigatebird, Andrew's (Fregata andrewsi) E Pheasant, cheer (Catreus wallichii)
E Goshawk, Christmas Island (Accipiter fasciatus natalis) E Pheasant, Chinese monal (Lophophorus lhuysii)
E Grackle, slender-billed (Quisicalus palustris) E Pheasant, Edward's (Lophura edwardsi)
E Grasswren, Eyrean (flycatcher) (Amytornis goyderi) E Pheasant, Elliot's (Syrmaticus ellioti)
E Grebe, Alaotra (Tachybaptus rufolavatus) E Pheasant, imperial (Lophura imperialis)
E Grebe, Atitlan (Podilymbus gigas) E Pheasant, Mikado (Syrmaticus mikado)
E Greenshank, Nordmann's (Tringa guttifer) E Pheasant, Palawan peacock (Polyplectron emphanum)
E Guan, horned (Oreophasis derbianus) E Pheasant, Sclater's monal (Lophophorus sclateri)
E Guan, white-winged (Penelope albipennis) E Pheasant, Swinhoe's (Lophura swinhoii)
T Guineafowl, white-breasted (Agelastes meleagrides) E Pheasant, western tragopan (Tragopan melanocephalus)
E Gull, Audouin's (Larus audouinii) E Pheasant, white eared (Crossoptilon crossoptilon)
E Gull, relict (Larus relictus) E Pigeon, Azores wood (Columba palumbus azorica)
E Hawk, Galapagos (Buteo galapagoensis) E Pigeon, Chatham Island (Hemiphaga novaeseelandiae chathamensis)
E Hermit, hook-billed (hummingbird) (Ramphodon (=glaucis) dohrnii) E Pigeon, Mindoro imperial (=zone-tailed) (Ducula mindorensis)
E Honeyeater, helmeted (Lichenostomus melanops cassidix (=meliphaga c.)) E Pigeon, pink (Columba mayeri)
E Hornbill, helmeted (Buceros (=rhinoplax) vigil) T Pigeon, white-tailed laurel (Columba junoniae)
E Ibis, Japanese crested (Nipponia nippon) E Piping-guan, black-fronted (Pipile jacutinga)
E Ibis, northern bald (Geronticus eremita) E Pitta, Koch's (Pitta kochi)
E Kagu (Rhynochetos jubatus) E Plover, New Zealand shore (Thinornis novaeseelandiae)
E Kakapo (Strigops habroptilus) E Pochard, Madagascar (Aythya innotata)
E Kestrel, Mauritius (Falco punctatus) E Quail, Merriam's Montezuma (Cyrtonyx montezumae merriami)
E Kestrel, Seychelles (Falco araea) E Quetzel, resplendent (Pharomachrus mocinno)
E Kite, Cuba hook-billed (Chondrohierax uncinatus wilsonii) E Rail, Aukland Island (Rallus pectoralis muelleri)
E Kite, Grenada hook-billed (Chondrohierax uncinatus mirus) E Rail, Lord Howe wood (Gallirallus (=tricholimnas) sylvestris)
E Kokako (wattlebird) (Callaeas cinerea) E Rhea, lesser (incl. Darwin's) (Rhea (=pterocnemia) pennata)
E Lark, Raso (Alauda razae) E Robin, Chatham Island (Petroica traversi)
E Macaw, glaucous (Anodorhynchus glaucus) T Robin, dappled mountain (Arcanator orostruthus)
E Macaw, indigo (Anodorhynchus leari) E Robin, scarlet-breasted (flycatcher) (Petroica multicolor multicolor)

TABLE 9.4 Foreign endangered and threatened bird species, March 2006 Adapted from "Foreign Listed Species Report as of 03/06/2006," in Threatened and Endangered Species System (TESS), U.S. Department of theInterior, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, March 6, 2006, http://ecos.fws.gov/tess_public/servlet/gov.doi.tess_public.servlets.Foreign Listing?listings=0#A(accessed March 6, 2006)

TABLE 9.4
Foreign endangered and threatened bird species, March 2006 [CONTINUED]
Status* Species name Status* Species name
*E=endangered, T=threatened.
SOURCE: Adapted from "Foreign Listed Species Report as of 03/06/2006," in Threatened and Endangered Species System (TESS), U.S. Department of theInterior, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, March 6, 2006, http://ecos.fws.gov/tess_public/servlet/gov.doi.tess_public.servlets.Foreign Listing?listings=0#A(accessed March 6, 2006)
E Rockfowl, grey-necked (Picathartes oreas) T Vanga, Pollen's (Xenopirostris polleni)
E Rockfowl, white-necked (Picathartes gymnocephalus) T Vanga, Van Dam's (Xenopirostris damii)
E Roller, long-tailed ground (Uratelornis chimaera) E Wanderer, plain (=collared-hemipode) (Pedionomous torquatus)
E Scrub-bird, noisy (Atrichornis clamosus) E Warbler (=wood), Barbados yellow (Dendroica petechia petechia)
E Shama, Cebu black (thrush) (Copsychus niger cebuensis) E Warbler (=wood), Semper's (Leucopeza semperi)
E Siskin, red (Carduelis cucullata) E Warbler, Aldabra (old world warbler) (Nesillas aldabranus)
E Sparrowhawk, Anjouan Island (Accipiter francesii pusillus) E Warbler, Rodrigues (old world warbler) (Bebrornis rodericanus)
E Starling, Ponape mountain (Aplonis pelzelni) E Warbler, Seychelles (old world warbler) (Bebrornis sechellensis)
E Starling, Rothschild's (myna) (Leucopsar rothschildi) E Wattle-eye, banded (Platysteira laticincta)
E Stork, oriental white (Ciconia boyciana (=ciconia b.)) E Weaver, Clarke's (Ploceus golandi)
E Sunbird, Marungu (Nectarinia prigoginei) E Whipbird, western (Psophodes nigrogularis)
E Teal, Campbell Island flightless (Anas aucklandica nesiotis) E White-eye, Norfolk Island (Zosterops albogularis)
E Thrasher, white-breasted (Ramphocinclus brachyurus) E White-eye, Ponape greater (Rukia longirostra)
E Thrush, New Zealand (wattlebird) (Turnagra capensis) E White-eye, Seychelles (Zosterops modesta)
E Thrush, Taita (Turdus olivaceus helleri) E Woodpecker, imperial (Camephilus imperialis)
E Tinamou, solitary (Tinamus solitarius) E Woodpecker, Tristam's (Dryocopus javensis richardsi)
E Trembler, Martinique (thrasher) (Cinclocerthia ruficauda gutturalis) E Wren, Guadeloupe house (Troglodytes aedon guadeloupensis)
E Turaco, Bannerman's (Tauraco bannermani) E Wren, St. Lucia house (Troglodytes aedon mesoleucus)
E Turtle dove, Seychelles (Streptopelia picturata rostrata)
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