How Much Does the Nation Spend on Welfare? - Private Welfare Expenditures

services income care total

The private sector is an important source of social welfare funding. These expenditures can be grouped into four program categories: health and medical care, welfare services, education, and income maintenance. Welfare services funded by private sources include:

  • Individual and family services (counseling and referral services for families and children, family service agencies, adoption services, emergency and disaster services, child day-care services, and senior citizen services).
  • Residential care (group foster homes, halfway homes, and housing and shelter for the homeless).
  • Recreation and group work (YMCA, YWCA, Boy Scouts, and Girl Scouts).
  • Civic, social, and fraternal organizations.
  • Job training and vocational rehabilitation, such as sheltered workshops, vocational rehabilitation agencies, and skill-training centers.

TABLE 1.5
Total spending for income-tested benefits, by type of benefit, selected fiscal years, 1968–2000
[In millions of constant FY 2000 dollars]

Fiscal year Medical Cash Food Housing Education Jobs/training Services Energy Total
1968 24,122 37,810 4,486 3,933 4,320 3,777 2,507 0 80,954
1973 43,195 55,358 15,384 15,069 7,267 3,907 8,863 0 149,043
1975 53,416 64,279 23,080 16,757 7,661 7,216 8,855 0 181,265
1976 57,755 69,590 25,752 18,057 11,860 14,309 10,507 86 207,916
1977 63,207 68,370 24,542 18,885 10,488 15,695 11,488 865 213,540
1978 65,080 65,407 25,099 20,650 11,514 26,118 11,439 730 226,038
1979 66,810 61,860 26,126 22,049 12,277 22,662 10,970 638 223,392
1980 69,606 61,332 28,924 21,869 11,052 18,589 9,818 3,675 224,866
1981 72,817 61,426 31,271 21,438 9,763 14,608 10,235 3,862 225,419
1982 72,660 58,612 29,341 22,088 14,415 7,274 8,955 3,657 217,002
1983 73,415 59,156 32,645 21,770 13,358 7,930 9,344 3,581 221,198
1984 75,371 60,081 32,666 23,165 13,808 9,061 8,868 3,636 226,657
1985 79,204 60,294 32,667 24,207 15,972 6,370 8,773 3,672 231,158
1986 82,624 63,248 31,655 22,269 16,496 5,784 8,271 3,510 233,858
1987 90,833 64,273 32,015 22,145 15,626 5,857 8,493 3,313 242,555
1988 96,029 66,729 31,177 23,173 17,068 5,577 9,619 2,921 252,293
1989 102,328 69,200 30,657 23,214 18,159 5,452 9,158 2,521 260,689
1990 115,250 72,020 33,326 23,926 19,102 5,631 11,267 2,294 282,815
1991 138,881 77,873 37,048 24,521 19,474 6,101 12,546 2,425 318,869
1992 166,578 85,614 41,998 30,979 17,431 6,736 13,224 2,174 364,734
1993 170,155 89,003 43,237 32,671 17,942 6,346 12,890 1,910 374,152
1994 187,153 100,066 43,909 34,142 18,015 6,393 16,633 2,311 408,624
1995 196,922 103,291 43,558 35,764 18,146 6,131 12,775 1,897 418,484
1996 195,198 101,426 42,876 35,656 17,967 5,138 12,090 1,373 411,725
1997 198,815 99,463 39,908 35,561 18,737 4,246 12,588 1,502 410,821
1998 203,550 96,269 36,907 34,681 19,052 5,142 17,939 1,405 414,944
1999 213,619 96,576 35,718 29,848 19,058 5,831 19,291 1,438 421,379
2000 225,858 91,703 34,347 34,906 20,385 7,347 20,724 1,715 436,985
SOURCE: "Table K-4. Total Spending for Income-Tested Benefits by Form of Benefit, Selected Fiscal Years, 1968–2000," in The Green Book, U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Ways and Means, 2003 [Online] http://waysandmeans.house.gov/media/pdf/gree+F45nbook2003/AppendixK.pdf [accessed January 8, 2004]

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